Ljubljana, 28. 1. 2020
The bases of our living here on Earth are the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat. All these strongly depend on the existence of biodiversity.
Biodiversity or biological diversity refers to the diversity of plant and animal life on Earth. When biodiversity is high, we talk about rich biodiversity of species, habitats and genetics, thus the ecosystems are healthier, more productive and can more easily adapt to challenges, such as climate change. However, it is not only about the diversity. When discussing biodiversity, we also imply interconnectedness and the impact of different plant and animal species. Our world is created from an invisible map. Any loss of either animal or plant species may change the entire ecosystem.
Why are we raising the curtain to this topic?
Our food system plays an important role in biodiversity,
while climate changes also lead to changes in food production. Thus, in the future, we will have to start growing and producing food which better adapts to rapid climate change. We have gathered some facts.
Of the approximately 400,000 identified plant species in the world, about 30,000 are edible and only
about 6,000 are used by humans as food. Of those 6,000, only 150 are grown as crops. But that's not all. Only three crops (corn, wheat and rye) make for as much as 60 percent of our daily protein and calorie requirement.
In view of the data, biodiversity is declining, and this fact seriously undermines our ability to feed the
growing global population. Therefore, it is imperative that we increase the diversity of our diets by
bringing a great variety of food to our menu. Not only will it be beneficial to our planet, it will also bring more nutrients into our bodies than usual.